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62nd Republic Day Function @ Chennai

62nd Indian Republic Day

























Chennai is gearing up for the 62nd Republic Day celebration. The Tamilnadu police along with para military forces are in charge for the security arrangements. As usual the Chennai Republic Day parade will have major attraction.

The Parade will showcase the following;

IAF Chetak @ Chennai Republic Day Parade

Radar @ 62nd Republic Day Parade Chennai

Chennai Republic Day Parade Item from HVF Avadi

The Rajaji Salai in which the Republic Day function is to be held is at full protection. Both State police and Home guards are placed in charge. Security has been beefed up at all important places in the state.

Thoothukudi District

Revenue Divisions
3
Taluks
8
Blocks
12
Corporation & Municipalities
3
Town Panchayats
19
Revenue Villages
468
Panchayat Villages
408

Tirunelveli District

Tirunelveli District திருநெல்வேலி மாவட்டம் is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The city of Tirunelveli is the district headquarters. A unique feature of this district is that it consists of all five geographical traditions of Tamil Literature; Kurinji , Mullai (forest), Marudham , Neithal and Palai . Tirunelveli District was formed on September 1, 1790 by the East India Company(British Government which comprises of present Tirunelveli and Tuticorin district and parts of Virudhunagar and Ramanathapuram district. It is the second largest district as on October 2008 after Villupuram district.
Tirunelveli-district

History:

Nellaippar Temple

Tirunelveli District was formed on September 1, 1790 (Tirunelveli Day) by the East India Company (British) and named it as Tinnevelly district though their headquarters was first located in Palayamkottai the adjacent city, where they had their military headquarters during their operations against the Palayakars. There are three reasons attributed for naming the district after Tirunelveli. The prime one is that it has been serving as the main city of the district and the second one is that it has been called called as Tirunelveli Seemai under the Nayaks and Nawabs. Finally it served as the south capital in the period of Pandyan Kingdom. Both Tirunelveli and Palayamkottai grew as the twin cities of the district.
In early 1900's, parts of Tirunelveli district was made as Ramanathapuram and Virudhunagar districts. In 1986, Tirunelveli district was further split into two districts for administrative purpose such as Chidambaranar (present-day Thoothukudi and Nellai-Kattabomman (later Tirunelveli-Kattabomman, present-day Tirunelveli districts.

State Tamil Nadu
District(s) Tirunelveli
Subdistrict Tirunelveli, Palayamkottai, Sankarankovil, Ambasamudram, Nanguneri,kadayanallur Radhapuram, Tenkasi, Shenkottai, Alangulam, Veerakeralampudur, Sivagiri
District formed on September 01, 1790
Headquarters Tirunelveli
Largest city Tirunelveli
Collector & District Magistrate Thiru. Jayaraman IAS
Legislature (seats) elected (11)




 Basic infrastructure:

The district is crisscrossed by a network of Roadways and Railways. Tirunelveli city is the main transit hub of the district. At present the district is not served by Air transport, for which people have to utilize the nearby airports of Thiruvananthapuram, Madurai and Tuticorin. The district ha a total of 27 Railway stations. Given below are tables listing the length of roads and railways in the district.
Roads National Highways State Highways Corporation and Municipalities Road Panchayat Union and Panchayat Road Town Panchayat and Townships Road Others (Forest Roads)
Length (km.) 174.824 442.839 1,001.54 1,254.10 & 1,658.35 840.399 114.450
Railway Route Length (km.) Track Length (km.)
Broad Gauge 77.000 95.448
Meter Gauge 125.000 134.430



            Revenue Divisions                                             3

            Taluks                                                             11

            Blocks                                                            19

           Corporation & Municipalities                            8

           Town Panchayats                                            36

           Revenue Villages                                           556

           Panchayat Villages                                        425

Thiruvarur District

Revenue Divisions
2
Taluks
7
Blocks
10
Corporation & Municipalities
4
Town Panchayats
7
Revenue Villages
573
Panchayat Villages
430

Tiruvallur District

Revenue Divisions
2
Taluks
7
Blocks
10
Corporation & Municipalities
4
Town Panchayats
7
Revenue Villages
573
Panchayat Villages
430

Theni District


Theni District (தேனி மாவட்டம்) is a district of Tamil Nadu state in South India. The city of Theni is the district headquarters. The district is divided into two natural divisions: The hilly areas constituted by parts of the three taluks Periyakulam, Uthamapalayam and Andipatti with thick vegetation and perennial streams from the hills on the western side and Cumbum valley which lies in Uthamapalayam taluk.

History:

Theni District was formed by the bifurcation from erstwhile Madurai District as per G.O. Ms. No. 679 Revenue Department Dated July 07, 1996. Consequent to the bifurcation, one new Revenue Division with headquarters at Uthamapalayam and two new Taluks at Theni and Bodinayakanur were also created with effect from January 1, 1997. Theni Municipal town was only a firka headquarters until December 31, 1996. Consequent to the formation of the new District, Theni Municipal Town was upgraded as the Taluk and District headquarters on January 01, 1997.

The region covered by present day Theni District was scarcely populated before 1900s. In 1886 Mullaperiyar dam project brings some part of water from Periyaar River downhill to Cumbum Valley and merge into Mullai river. This project helped more peple to settle down in Cumbum Valley. Also to be noted that Theni is itself a small and less-known town by 1900s. After the Mulllai-Periyaar merger project lots of poeple from nearby dry arid regions settled in Cumbum-Valley (present day Theni District). So there was influx of people by 1890s to 1920s. Bodi and Allinagaram are famous places at that age. Later Theni developed in rapid pace due to lots of business activities.


District(s)     Theni
Subdistrict     Periyakulam, Theni, Andipatti, Uthamapalayam, Bodinayakanur
'     July 07, 1996
Headquarters     Theni
Largest city     Theni


Collector & District Magistrate     P. Muthuveerran IAS
Legislature (seats)                        elected (5)

 Education:

Secondary Schools-

   1. Pachayappa Hindu Nadar Higher Secondary School,Kamatchipuram,Theni(Dt.).,
   2. Palaniappa Memorial Higher Secondary School,Palani chetti patti,Theni.,
   3. Seventh Day Adventist Matric.Hr.Sec.School.
   4. Presentation Convent Girls Higher Secondary School.Theni.
   5. Gayatri Matriculation higher Secondary school, Chinnamanur
   6. Hajee Karutha Rowther Higher Secondary School, Uthamapalayam
   7. KPPEP AYYA Matriculation Hr.Sec School THENI
   8. ZKM higher Secondary School, Bodi. (Oldest and the largest school in the district)
   9. Pankajam girls higher secondary school, Bodi.
  10. ThirumalapuramNadar higher secondary school, Bodi.
  11. Nadar saraswathi girls higher secondary school, Theni
  12. Santiniketan matric school, (pc patti) Theni.
  13. Theni Kammavar Sangam Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Theni
  14. CNMS sivakami Mat Hr Sec School Chinnamanur
  15. Pachaiyappa Hindu Nadar Higher Secondary School, Kamatchipuram
  16. N S K Ponniah Gounder Higher Secondary School (NSKP), Gudalur
  17. Cardamom Planters union Higher secondary school, Cumbum
  18. Amala Annai Higher Secondary school T.Sindala cherry
  19. Sri ALV high school,C.Pudupatti
  20. Sri V.V.Higher secondary School, [(Venkatachalapuram)]
  21. Pachaiyappa High school, uppukkottai
  22. Sri NAMMS matric school, Cumbum
  23. St.Aloysius higher secondary school, Royappanpatti
  24. S U M higher secondary school, Royappanpatti
  25. G R V higher secondary school, Mayladumparai
  26. Sharon matriculation School, Cumbum
  27. TMHNU Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Muthuthevanpatty, Theni
  28. Sri MPM high school, [Cumbum]
  29. Nagmaniammal Memorial Matriculation Higher Secondary School, [Cumbum]
  30. Al Azhar Matriculation Higher Secondary School, [Cumbum]
  31. The Little Kingdom School , Theni
  32. The Little kingdom Senior School , Theni
  33. Govt.Boys Higher Secondary School, Andipatti
  34. Govt.Girls Higher Secondary School, Andipatti
  35. Kama Dharma High School, Govindanagaram
  36. Govt.Higher Secondary School, Vadugapatti

Government Aided Arts and Science Colleges-

   1. Cardamom Planters Association College, Bodinayakanur
   2. Hajee Karutha Rowther Howdia College, Uthamapalayam
   3. Jayaraj Annpackiam College for Women, Periyakulam
   4. Madurai Kamaraj University College, Andipatti

Self-financing Colleges-

   1. Jayaraj Chella Durai College , Nalla Karuppan Patty, Periyakulam East
   2. Nadar Saraswathi College of Arts and Science, Theni
   3. Sri Adi Chunchanagiri Women's College, Cumbum
   4. Theni College of Arts and Science, Veerapandi, Theni
   5. Jeyavenkatesh Arts and Science College, Keppurengan patti

Engineering Colleges-

   1. Odaiyappa College of Engineering and Technology, Theni
   2. Bharath Niketan Engineering College, Andipatti
   3. Thangam-Muthu Polytechnic, Nalla karuppan patty, Periyakulam
   4. Theni kammavar sangam engineering college, theni

Medical College-

   1. Theni Government Medical College and Hospital, Theni

Agricultural College-

   1. Horticultural College and Research Institute, Nalla Karrupan patty, Periyakulam.

Forest College-

   1. Government Forest Training College, Vaigai Dam, Theni.
   2. victoria memry gov.boys.higher sec.school, periyakulam. Victoria memry gov.girl.higher sec.school, periyakulam.

 Tourism:

Cumbum, Uthamapalayam and Theni are charming towns in the district. Resounding cascades, silver-lined clouds resting a top billiard green hill tops, sheer rock faces and temples of antiquity distinguish these places. These unique places warm the soul and provide the much-needed balm to the mind. Places of interest-

   1. Vaigai Dam (~20 km from Theni)
   2. Suruli falls (~50 km from Theni)
   3. Meghamalai Hill (~67 km from Theni)
   4. Bodi Mettu Hill (~45 km from Theni)
   5. Kumbakarai Falls (~24 km from Theni)
   6. Sothuparai Dam (~24 km from Theni)
   7. Shanmuganathi Dam (~50 km from Theni)

Temples:
   1. Kalatheeswarar Gnanamman Temple, Uthamapalayam(~30 km from Theni)
   2. Veerapandi Gowmariamman Temple (~8 km from Theni)
   3. Kuchanur Saneeswarar Temple (~25 km from Theni)Kutchanur Saneeswaran Temple History in Tamil
   4. Chinnamanur Sivagamiamman Temple (~26 km from Theni)
   5. Theertha thotti Subramanya Temple (~16 km from Theni)
   6. Periyakulam Balasubramanya Temple (~16 km from Theni)
   7. Devadanapatti Kamatchi Amman Temple (~35 km from Theni)
   8. Kamatchipuram Sri Pathira Kaliyamman Temple (~20 km from Theni)
   9. Mavoothu Vellappar Temple (~25 km from Theni)
  10. Suruli Vellapar Temple (~50 km from Theni)
  11. Karuppuswami Temple (~40 km from theni)
  12. Mallingar Swamy Temple, Mallingapuram(~40 km from Theni)
  13. Bagavathi Amman Temple, Vadugapatti(~18 km from Theni)
  14. Bodinayakanur Paramashivan Koil South Thiruvannamalai (`22 km from Theni)[6]

Churches:
   1. Hanumanthanpatty Holy Spirit Church, Hanumanthanpatty.
   2. Uthamapalayam St.Vinnarasi Church
   3. Rayappan patti Pani (snow) Maya Matha Church
   4. Chinnamanur Bethel Church India, PTR Channel Road , Annamalai Nagar .
   5. T.Sindala CherySacred Heart Church ,T.Sindala Chery(KOVIL SINDALA CHERY).

Mosques:
   1. Periya Palli vasal, Uthamapalayam
   2. Shabi pallivasal,Uthamapalayam
   3. Haji harutha rowther matharasha pallivasal,Uthamapalayam
   4. Noorul huda palivasal,Uthamapalayam
   5. vaaver palli vasal[cumbum]
   6. kaattu palli vasal[cumbum]
   7. pallivasal in kuchanur


    Revenue Divisions                                  2

    Taluks                                                   5

    Blocks                                                  8

    Corporation & Municipalities                6

    Town Panchayats                                22

    Revenue Villages                                113

    Panchayat Villages                             130

Nilgiris District


The Nilgiris District (நீலகிரி மாவட்டம்) is in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Nilgiri or Blue Mountains when translated into English) is also the name given to a range of mountains spread across the states of Tamilnadu as well as Karnataka and Kerala. The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. The highest point is the mountain of Doddabetta, with a height of 2,623 m. The district is mainly contained within this mountain range. The district headquarters is Udhagamandalam, popularly know as Ooty. It was ranked first in a comprehensive Economic Environment index ranking of districts in Tamil Nadu not including Chennai prepared by Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009.

Website:
   
Official website of District Collectorate, Nilgirishttp//www.nilgiris.tn.gov.in/

District(s)     Nilgiris
Subdistrict     Udhagamandalam, Coonoor, Kundah, Kotagiri, Gudalur, Pandalur
'     February 1882
Headquarters     Udhagamandalam
Largest city     Udhagamandalam


Collector & District Magistrate     Thiru Anandrao Vishnu Patil IAS
Legislature (seats)                         elected (3)


    Revenue Divisions                                2

    Taluks                                                 6

    Blocks                                                4

    Corporation & Municipalities              4

    Town Panchayats                              11

    Revenue Villages                               54

    Panchayat Villages                            35

Thanjavur District


Thanjavur District is one of the 32 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. Its headquarters is Thanjavur.

It had a population of 2,216,138 as of 2001. It is 33.78% urbanised. The district has a literacy rate of 75.45%, 10.51% above the average for the state.

The Thanjavur district comprised the heartland of the Chola Empire and as a result, was an important centre of Brahminism. The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908 lists Thanjavur, along with the South Canara and Ganjam districts, as the three districts of the Madras Presidency where Brahmins are most numerous.

Geography:

The district is in Central Tamil Nadu bounded on the northeast by Nagapattinam District, on the east by Tiruvarur District, on the south by the Palk Strait,of Bay of Bengal on the west by Pudukkottai District, and on the north by the river Kollidam, across which lie Tiruchirappalli and Perambalur districts.

Agriculture:

This district lies at the Kaveri delta region, the most fertile region in the state.[1] The district is the main Rice producing region in the state and hence known as the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu. Kaveri River and its tributaries irrigate the district. Apart from paddy, farmers here grow Coconut and Sugarcane and it is the largest producer of Coconut in Tamil Nadu.

Tourism:

Brihadeeswara Temple, built by the Cholas and a UNESCO World Heritage Site is located at Thanjavur. The green paddy fields and the Kaveri river provide for picturuesque spots in the district.

Top Government Officials

   1. Deputy Inspector General of Police..Mr Abhash Kumar IPS
   2. District Collector..Mr M S Shanmugam IAS
   3. Technical Director.. Mr A Rayappan Scientist'E'



    Revenue Divisions                                  3

    Taluks                                                   8

    Blocks                                                 14

    Corporation & Municipalities                 3

    Town Panchayats                                22

    Revenue Villages                                906

    Panchayat Villages                             589

Salem District


Salem District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The city of Salem is the district headquarters. Other major towns in the district are Mettur, Omalur and Attur. The district is well connected by rail and road networks.

Salem district is known for its mangoes, steel and Mettur dam, which is a major source of irrigation and drinking water for the state of Tamil Nadu.

History:

Salem was the largest district in Tamil Nadu before it was bifurcated into two as Salem and Dharmapuri districts. Later, Salem district was again divided with the formation of the Namakkal district.The first cinema theater named Modern Theater was in Salem[citation needed].And it is the fourth urbanized city next to madurai.

Geography:

Mettur Dam across Kaveri river in Salem district

Salem is a Geologist's paradise, surrounded by hills and the landscape dotted with hillocks. Salem has vibrant culture dating back to the ancient Kongu Nadu. As a district, Salem has its significance in various aspects. Yercard is one of important tourism in Salem.

Modern Theatres was started by T R Sundaram in 1937, soon after the era of silent films ended in the South Indian film industry. It is built on nearly nine acres of land at the foot of the picturesque Yercaud hills. Sundaram or TRS as he was known, chose his location well. He was able to access verdant and beautiful shooting sites for his films within a 50 kilometer radii. He was also able to hire cheap and efficient labour in lightboys, cameramen and starstruck locals for his films. He produced nearly 117 films in Tamil, Hindi, Kannada, Telugu, Sinhalese and other languages. Most of them were box office hits and he is credited with introducing M Karunanidhi, M G Ramachandran, M N Nambiar and Jayashankar to films. Sundaram was a punctuality freak and forced his crew to follow. It is rumoured that he would not hesitate to shout or use fists against rebellious actors. After his death in the 1970's, his son Sundaram continued his tradition shooting cowboy remake films with actor Jayashankar in the lead roles. However by then, the focus had shifted to studios in Chennai. After the younger Sundaram died, his widow Kalavani gave the studios to building promoters in 2004. The studios were demolished except for a small signpost and the gigantic stone arch with the Modern Theatres sign. Today it is the entrance to a township of bungalows and small flats called Sundaram Gardens. However nostalgic fans often visit the spot to gaze at the arch and relive the more exciting times. This includes current Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M Karunanidhi.

Hills:

* Nagaramalai
* Jeragamalai
* Kanjamalai
* Godumalai
* Kalrayan Hills
* Pachaimalai
* Shervaroyan Hills
* Eastern Ghats
* Sankagiri malai
   
Rivers:

Thirumanimuthar
Vasishta Nathi
Kaveri
sarabanga nathi
   
Minerals:

* Iron
* Magnasite
Education:

Salem is known for its quality educational institutes, ranging from Government schools, Arts and Science colleges to prestigious Engineering colleges like Sona College of Technology. Salem has 2 Universities, Periyar University and Vinayaka Mission University Deemed University). There are several medical schools (including of Dental, Homeopathy, Siddha, Yogic and Naturopathy Colleges .


    Revenue Divisions                                            2

    Taluks                                                             4

    Blocks                                                           15

    Corporation & Municipalities                           5

    Town Panchayats                                          19

    Revenue Villages                                          391

    Panchayat Villages                                       331

Ramanathapuram District


Ramanathapuram District is an administrative district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The city of Ramanathapuram is the district headquarters.

Ramanthapuram District has an area of 4123 km². It is bounded on the north by Sivaganga District, on the northeast by Pudukkottai District, on the east by the Palk Strait, on the south by the Gulf of Mannar, on the west by Thoothukudi District, and on the northwest by Virudhunagar District. The district contains the Indian portion of Pamban's Bridge, an east-west chain of low islands and shallow reefs that extend between India and the island nation of Sri Lanka, and separate the Palk Strait from the Gulf of Mannar. The Palk Strait is presently navigable only by shallow-draft vessels.

History:

In early 12th century Qutbul Hamid, Ghosul Hamid Hazrat Badhushah Sulthan SYED IBRAHIM Shaheedh came from medinah saudhi arabia to india through Kannanur, kerala and crossed through various parts of Madurai and Ramnad districts. Vikrama pandiyan the then, ruler of bouthiramanickapattinam fought with Syed Ibrahim badushah rigorously for 10 days, and finally Hazrath Syed Ibrahim shaheedh was defeated.

The early 15th Century the present territories of Ramanathapuram district comprising of taluks Tiruvadanai, Paramakudi, Kamuthi, Mudukulathur, Ramanathapuram and Rameswaram were included in Pandiyan Kingdom. For a short period, this area was under the Chola Kings when Rajendra Chola brought it under his territory in 1063 AD. In 1520 AD., the Nayaks of Vijayangar took over this area under their control from the Pandiyan dynasty for about two centuries, Marava chieftains-Sethupathis who were Lords under Pandiyan Kings and reigned over this part (17th century). At the beginning of the 18th century, family disputes over succession resulted in the division of Ramanathapuram.

In 1795, the British deposed Muthuramalinga Sethupathy and took control of the administration of Ramanathapuram. In 1803 Mangaleswari Nachiyar was made the Zamindar of Sivagangai After passing of Queen, the Marudhu Brothers took the charge by paying regular revenue to the East India company. In 1801 the Marudhu Brothers of Sivaganga revolted against the British in collaboration with Kattabomman of Panchalamkurichi. Colonel Agnew captured Marudhu Brothers and hanged them and made Gowri Vallbah Periya Udaya Thevar as Zamindar of Sivaganga. After the fall of Tippu Sultan, British took the control and imprisoned the Nawab. In 1792 the Zamindari system was abolished and a British Collector was appointed for administration.

After the period of sethupathis, In 1910, Ramanathapuram was formed by clubbing portions from Madurai and Tirunelveli district. This district was named as Ramanathapuram. During the British period this district was called "Ramnad". The name continued after independence. Later the district was renamed as Ramanathapuram to be in conformity with the Tamil Name for this region.

Now Chittarkottai is a Panchayat in the district.

    Revenue Divisions                                2

    Taluks                                                 7

    Blocks                                               11

    Corporation & Municipalities                4

    Town Panchayats                                7

    Revenue Villages                              400

    Panchayat Villages                           443

Pudukkottai District

Pudukkottai District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The city of Pudukkottai is the district headquarters. It is also known colloquially as Pudhugai.

Pudukkottai district is bounded on the northeast and east by Thanjavur District, on the southeast by the Palk Strait, on the southwest by Ramanathapuram and Sivaganga districts, and on the west and northwest by Tiruchirappalli District.

The district has an area of 4663 km² with a coastline of 39 km. The district lies between 78° 25' and 79° 15' east longitude and between 9° 50' and 10° 40' of the north latitude.

Many of the villages in the district are of ancient origin. The district was one of the homes of pre-historic man. The very large number of burial sites found in the northern and western parts of the district attest to this fact.

The history of Pudukkottai is an epitome of the history of South India. In and around Pudukkottai there are many vestiges of the oldest habitations of man and some of the lithic records known in the south. The Pandyas, Cholas, Pallavas, Haysalas, Vijaynagar and Madurai Nayaks ruled over this part of the country and fostered its communual organisations, trade and industries. They embellished it with temples and monuments of outstanding merit.
Augustus coin found in the Pudukottai Hoard

Sangam Tamil literature mentions some place names of the district. Oliyamangalam (Thirumayam Taluk) is called as Ollaiyur in Purananuru. It was the birthplace of the poet Ollaiyur Kilan Makan Perumchattan and Ollaiyur Thantha Budha Pandyan. Agananuru also mentions Ollaiyur. It seems to have been an important city of the Pandyas. Four other places also are found in the Sangam classics. They are Ambukkovil, the ancient Alumbil, referred to in Agananuru; Avur, the home of the poets Avurkilar, Avur Mulamkilar; Erichi, the ancient Erichalur which had been identified with Erichi Village in Pudukkottai - Aranthangi road (but, according to recent researches, a village near Illupur). It was probably the home of the poet Madalan Madurai Kumaranar. Avayapatti is traditionally associated with Avvaiyar, who is believed to have lived here for some time.

Sangam period:

This district was ruled by the Pandyas of the first empire during the Sangam period, but some part of its northern boundary area had been under the influence of the Cholas of Urayur. Some of the village names have prefixes like "killi" and "valavan", both of which are the titles of the Cholas.

The district shared the prosperity of the maritime trade of the Tamils. At Karukkakurichi was found a treasure trove of more than 500 Imperial Roman gold and silver coins, the largest ever recorded from a single hoard. This place lies in Alangudi taluk, a short distance north of Aranthangi and the adjoining old ports of Mimisal and Saliyur in the same area and Tondi further south. The Karukkakurichi hoard contained the issues of the Roman emperors and their queens, successively from Augustus (29 BCE - 14 CE) up to Vespasian (69-79).

The Karukkakurichi find would mark an important Indo-Roman trading centre, through which the inland trade route ran between the western and eastern ports during that time. This is indicated by a chain of such Roman coin hoard sites such as Korkai, Kilakkarai, and Alagankulam, all on the eastern sea coast. While Karukkakuruchi is a bit inland, it is not far away from ports like Mimisal. There are also few other sites of such finds in the east coast. While pointing out the exchanges of the exportable products for Roman gold and silver currency these would also indicate the places mentioned to have been active trade centres.

Chola:

Under Chola Vijayalaya, this district formed part of his dominion but perhaps fitfully. The notion that some temples of ninth century in the district, belong to early Chola period, is erroneous. The Pandyas still held power in the region. It was not until the reign of Parantaka-I (907-955). Vijayalay's second successor, that the Cholas conquered the entire Pandya land. The Kodumbalur chiefs helped Parantaka in his campaign and remained faithful to the Cholas thereafter. C. P. Ramaswami Iyer The rule of Rajaraja-I shows a brilliant part in the history of the district in common with that of Tamil Nadu. The full benefaction of the Chola rule is revealed in their inscriptions in the district. These inscriptions are of great value is showing how effectively local administration functioned in this part of Chola Kingdom.

Rajaraja-I appointed his son the viceroy of the conquered Pandya and Chera lands. The entire district formed part of the Chola kingdom until the last year of Kulothunga-III (1178-1218). At the death of Rajaraja-II and the succession of Rajadhiraja-II, the Chola power began to decline.

The Pandyas began to assert their independence from the time of Kulothunga-I. Towards the end of the reign of Raja Raja-II, Kulasekara one of the two contenders for Pandya throne pealed the Chola for help. His rival Parakrama turned towards Srilanka. Pudukkottai also become seat this civil war. Parakrama Babu the Srilanka king sent an army to assist Parakrama Pandya according to Culavamsa, the Sinhalese chronicle the Sinhalese army engaged itself in the war in the parts of the district and burnt down the three storeyed palace at Ponnamaravathi. The outcome of the civil war became disastrous to the Cholas.

The history of the district after the fall of Cholas could not be told in detail for the records are comparatively minimal. The Pandyas of the second empire spread their influence in the district gradually.

The Pandya power reached its height in the district under Jatavarman Sundra Pandya-I and Jatavaraman vira Pandya-I the joint rulers. The inscription of Virapandya in Kudumianmalai, throws much light on his relationship with Srilanka and his kingdom across the seas. During the reign of Maravarman Kulasekara-I who acceded in 1268 A.D, Marcopolo the Venetian traveler visited Pandya country. Towards the end of Kulasekara's reign Jatavarman Virapandya-II and Jatavarman Sundara Pandya-II, the brothers quarreled. This led to a civil war in Pandya country resulting in political unrest and confusion.

Malikafur the general of Alaudeen Khalji the Sultan of Delhi took advantage of this and invaded Pandya country. This led to the incorporation of the Pandya country in the Delhi empire in subsequent years. A sultanate was established at Madurai. There are two inscriptions relating to the period of the Sultans of Madurai in the district, one at Rangiam (1332) and another at Panaiyur (1344).

The brief spell of Muslim rule (Sultanate of Madurai) at Madurai lasted for about 75 years and again there was political unrest and chaos and Pudukkottai region also shared the fate. Minor princes ruled small territories here and there. By about 1371. Kumarakampana, the Vijayanagar prince took over Madurai and the Sultanate came to an end. But the Pandya power did not survive on the Hindu conquest and slowly it ceased to be a historical force in the district.

The Hoysalas of Karnataka arrived in the southern part of Tamil Nadu and actively intervened Chola - Pandya feuds and soon they came to occupy the region on either banks of river Cauvery with the capital at Kannanur (modern Samayapuram). They established themselves in the area by the middle of 13th century and much of the Pudukkottai area was under their sway till the end of 13th century.

The Vijayanagar Rayas centered in Hampi took over Madurai, from the Muslims when the whole of southern Karnataka, Andra and Tamilnadu came under one rule - the Vijayanagar empire.

Under the Vijayanagar Sangama dynasty (1336-1485) the inscriptions in the district refer to many local chiefs such as Suraikudi, Perambur, Sendavanmangalam, Vanadaraiyar, Gangaiaraiyar and Thondaimans of Aranthangi. During the brief Suluva rule (1485-1505 A.D) Narasimha Raya the first Suluva emperor, during a tour of his dominions passed through Pudukkottai country on his way to Madurai. Vira Narasimha Nayak, the Tuluva usurper and the general of Saluva Narasimha-I, led a campaign against the Pandya chiefs and marched through Pudukkottai.

A great personality of the Tuluva dynasty (1505-1570) was Krishna Deveraya (1509-1529). He had visited Brahadamba Gokarnesa temple at Thirugokarnam on his way to Rameswaram and gifted many valuable presents to the temple. Under his successor eastern part of Pudukkottai district formed part of the Thanjavur kingdom for some time and the rest was under the Madurai Nayaks. The Thondaimans of Pudukkottai rose to power by about the end of 17th century.

The provincial viceroys of the Vijayanagar empire, the Nayaks of Madurai and Thanjavur asserted independence after the downfall of the empire. The Pudukkottai area thus came under the Nayaks of Madurai nominally and under the Thanjavur Nayaks frequently.

The Thondaimans of Pudukkottai came to rule with full sovereignty over the Pudukkottai area from the middle of the 17th century till its amalgamation with the rest of India after Indian Independence in 1947.

The ancestors of the Pudukkottai ruling line of Thondaimans, are migrants from Thirupathi region in the Thondaimandalam, the northern stretch of the ancient Tamil Kingdom, along with the Vijaynagar army, which was in engagement in this part of territory in the early 17th century. It is probable that one among them got some lands assigned to him by the local Pallavarayar chieftain and settled down at Karambakudi and Ambukovil area, and became the chieftain of the area, later came to be called as the progenitor of Thondaimans of Pudukkottai ruling house. According to the legendary account found in a Telugu poem, Thondaiman Vamasavali, the Thondaimans belonged to Indravamsa and the first ruler was Pachai Thondaiman.

    Revenue Divisions                                 2

    Taluks                                                 11

    Blocks                                                13

    Corporation & Municipalities               2

    Town Panchayats                                8

    Revenue Villages                               757

    Panchayat Villages                            498

Perambalur District


Perambalur is an administrative district in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. The district headquarters are located at Perambalur. The district occupies an area of 1,752 km² and has a population of 4,93,646 (as of 2001). It is 16.05% urbanised as per the 2001 Census. Perambalur district is a centrally located inland district of Tamilnadu, spread over 3,69,007 ha, which was trifurcated from the erstwhile composite Tiruchirappalli district and was formed on 1 November 1995. The district is bounded by Cuddalore district in the north,

Economy:

Currently, Perambalur district is the top maize and Onion(small)producer in Tamil Nadu, with 27% and 50% of the state's share respectively. It is one the fastest developing towns in the state with industrial growth set to hit high.

Perambalur is set to be a future high-technology centre, with plans to set up a multi-product SEZ over an area of 5000 acres (20 km²) by SREI Infrastructure Finance Ltd through a Joint Venture with TIDCO (TamilNadu Industrial Development Corporation). The SEZ will have linkages to Cuddalore, Pondicherry & Chennai Ports, Railway line and Trichy Airport. This SEZ will bring in high-technology industries, MROs, biotechnology, pharmaceutical companies, textile & leather clusters. The project is being developed with world-class infrastructure to be able to compete with the best investment centres in the world. Perambalur SEZ has a large hinterland that offers huge labour force. The SEZ is well connected with all major cities/regions of the country with excellent road/rail network. Testing & certification facilities, ware houses, and world class infrastructure on demand etc are the USP of this SEZ. Cost of the developed land is cheaper and competitive. Plain terrain of the site ensures easy operational facilities. The residential & recreational complexes planned within the SEZ will provide quality ambience of living with all amenities.

Divisions:

The district for administrative purpose has been divided into three taluks Perambalur, Kunnam, Veppanthattai. which is further sub-divided into four blocks viz. Perambalur, Veppanthattai, Veppur, Alathur . The district comprises village panchayats , four Town panchayats and one municipality.

Demographics:

The total population of the district as per the 2001 census is 11,81,029 of which 5,88,441 are males and 5,92,588 are females. The birth rate is at 21.6 and the death rate at 7.7. The density of population of the district per sq. km is 281 persons, against the state average of 429 persons. The district has a literacy of 65.88%, one of the lowest in the state.

PASUMBALUR - Sivan koil, Veerapathra swamy koil, Mariamman koil, Thropathi Amman koil

*Sri Thirumanagali Amman Temple,Elambalur-62121, 5 Kms from Perambalur (NH 45 Road-Near Reliance petrol pump)

* Brumma Rishi Malai( Holy Hill)Elambalur,NH 45 Road( chennai-Tiruchi Road)
* V.Kalathur Mosque
* Siruvachur Mathura Kaliaman Temple
* Chettikulam Thandayuthapani Swami Temple
* Sathanur Fossil Tree
* Aranarai Neleyamman and Selliyamman Temple
* Ranjankudi Fort
* Venganur Viruthaleshwarar Temple
* Vaalikandapuram Temple
* Sri Kutram poruthavar Aalayam, S.Aduthurai


    Revenue Divisions                               1

    Taluks                                                3

    Blocks                                               4

    Corporation & Municipalities               1

    Town Panchayats                              4

    Revenue Villages                              152

    Panchayat Villages                           121

Namakkal District

Namakkal District (நாமக்கல் மாவட்டம்) is an administrative district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The district was bifurcated from Salem District with Namakkal town as Head Quarters on 25-07-1996 and started to function independently from 01-01-1997. The district has 4 taluks (subdivisions); Tiruchengode, Namakkal, Rasipuram and Paramathi-Velur and has two Revenue Divisions; Namakkal and Tiruchengode. It was ranked second in a comprehensive Economic Environment index ranking of districts in Tamil Nadu not including Chennai prepared by Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009.
  
History:

After the struggle between the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas, the Hoysalas rose to power and had control till the 14th century followed by Vijayanagar kings till 1565 AD. Then the Madurai Nayakas came to power in 1623 AD. Two of the Poligans of Tirumalai Nayak namely, Ramachandra Nayaka and Gatti Mudaliars ruled the Salem area. The Namakkal fort is reported to have been built by Ramchandra Nayaka. After about 1635 AD, the area came successively under the rule of Muslim Sultans of Bijapur and Golkonda, Mysore kings and then the Marattas, when about the year 1750 AD Hyder Ali came to power. During this period, it was a history of power struggle between Hyder Ali and later Tippu Sultan, with the British.

Geography:

Namakkal district is bounded by Salem district on the north; on the east by Attur taluk of Salem district, Perambalur and Tiruchirapalli District's; by Karur district on the south and on the west by Erode district.

Namakkal District comes under the North Western Agro climatic zone of Tamil Nadu. It is situated in the dividing portion of two watersheds between Cauvery and the Vellar System with the Taluks of Attur, Rasipuram and Namakkal on the East and Salem, Omalur and Mettur on the West. Tiruchengode taluk alone is placed under Western Agro-climatic zone.

Besides above two zones, Kolli and few isolated hills and ridges scattered over Namakkal, Rasipuram and Tiruchengode along with the valleys and rolling topography makeup the characteristic physiography of the district.

Namakkal Rock Fort:

The Rock Fort is on the summit of the rock, and the remnants in brick and stone still bear the brunt of the skirmishes to lay seize to the fort by the Cholas in the 9th Century.[2] There are two rock–cut cave temples located on both sides of the hill dedicated to Narasimhaswamy and Ranganathasamy. There is also a 18 feet tall Hanuman statue carved out of a single stone at the Hanuman Temple.

Tiruchengode:

Tiruchengode is 35 km from Namakkal. It is one of the seven Sivasthalams in Kongunadu. The Arthanareeswarar Temple is located on a hill. The presiding deity is depicted as half-male and half-female, vertically to represent Shiva and Parvati worshipped as one form. It is considered one of the oldest temples in this region.

Kolli Hills:

Kolli Hills are situated on Eastern Ghats at an altitude of 1200 mts in the Namakkal District and are 45 km from Namakkal town. The Kolli Hills are known for medicinal herbs and plants that grow in abundance on the hill slopes. The Arapaleswarar Temple, the Horticulture Farm, the Herbal Farm, Agaya Gangai waterfalls and the Telescope House are the places to visit for the interested tourist. The Valvil Ori festival is organised here every year during the month August

Transport:

Transport is the major field of work in Namakkal, because the lorry body building is more in Namakkal. Since there are more number of egg production in this district, so transport facilities is good. It is the main centre for linking other districts via bus routes especially to North side(Salem, Villupuram, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Bangalore East side, South side Karur, Dindugal, Madurai, Tiunelveli, Kanyakumari, West sideErode, coimbatore, Thiruppur, Ooty



    Revenue Divisions                     2

    Taluks                                      4

    Blocks                                    15

    Corporation & Municipalities    5

    Town Panchayats                   19

    Revenue Villages                   391

    Panchayat Villages                331

Nagapattinam District


Nagapattinam District is a coastal district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The town of Nagapattinam is the district headquarters.

It had a population of 1,488,839 as of 2001. It is 22.18% urbanised as per Census 2001.

The district has a literacy of 76.89%, around the average in the state.

Nagapattinam District was formerly a part of Thanjavur District. The district boundary is shared by Tiruvarur, Karaikal, Tanjore and Cuddalore districts. Its population at the 2001 Census was nearly 1.5 million. It is divided into seven taluks. All but two of them are coastal, and all are named after their main towns, which are their administrative centres.

From north to south, they are Sirkazhi, Tharangambadi, Mayiladuthurai non-coastal , Nagapattinam, Kilvelur, Thirukkuvalai non-coastal , and Vedaranyam. It is bordered on the east by the Bay of Bengal and on the south by the Palk Strait. On the coast between Tharamgambadi and Nagapattinam lies the small district of Karaikal, an enclave belonging administratively to the Pondicherry Union Territory.

This is the only district in Tamilnadu to be formed out of two disjoint regions. The district headquarters Nagapattinam is located in the southern part which is less populated than the northern one. But people from the most populous northern part have to come down all the way to headquarters either by entering other district Thiruvarur or other Union territory Karaikal of Puducherry for any official purposes. Though this causes a lot of problems to the locals government is seeming unconcerned about it.

Location:

The District of Nagapattinam lies on the shores of the Bay of Bengal between Northern Latitude 10.7906 degrees and 79.8428 Degrees Eastern Longitude an area of 2715.velankanni is tourism place of Tamil nadu 83 Square kilometers in its fold. The District capital, Nagapattinam lies on the eastern coast , 350 kilometers down south of the State capital Chennai and 145 kilometers east of Tiruchirappalli.

Top Govt Officials

   1. Deputy Inspector General of Police.. Mr Abhash Kumar IPS
   2. District Collector.. Shri C. Munianathan IAS


Revenue Divisions                       2
Taluks                                        7
Blocks                                       11
Corporation & Municipalities       4
Town Panchayats                        8
Revenue Villages                      519
Panchayat Villages                    434

Madurai District

Madurai District

Madurai district is one of the 32 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. The city of Madurai serves as the district headquarters. It houses the world famous Sri Meenakshi Sundareshwarar temple and is situated on the banks of river Vaigai. The temple with its four big towers (gopurams) and many other small towers is a treat to the eyes.

Madurai, also known as "Athens of the East", is the third largest city in Tamil Nadu. The main kingdoms which ruled Madurai during various times are the Pandyas and the Nayaks. Obviously Madurai is called as "Thoonga Nagaram" Madurai called as temple city.

Sri Meenakshi Temple



Madurai district comprises seven Taluks.

* Madurai (North)
* Madurai (South)
* Thirumangalam
* Peraiyur
* Usilampatti
* Vadipatti
* Melur
* theni

Madurai district had a population of 2,578,201 as of 2001. It is 56.01% urbanised, according to the Census 2001 The district has a literacy of 78.7%, ranked 7th in the state.

    Revenue Divisions                                   3

    Taluks                                                    8

    Blocks                                                  13

    Corporation & Municipalities                   10

    Town Panchayats                                  24

    Revenue Villages                                  1137

    Panchayat Villages                                648

Krishnagiri District

Krishnagiri District Tamilnadu Map

Krishnagiri District 

The Krishnagiri District (கிருஷ்ணகிரி மாவட்டம்) i district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The city of Krishnagiri is the district headquarters.

Krishnagiri District has a prehistoric importance. Archaeological sources confirm the presence of habitats of man kind during Paleolithic, Neolithic and Mesolithic Ages. Various rock paintings and rock carvings of Indus Valley civilization and Iron Age seen in this district support the historical significance of this district. The heart of Krishnagiri,Kaveripattinam,Hosur and Uthangarai were known as 'Eyil Nadu', 'Murasu Nadu' and 'Kowoor Nadu' respectively.

During the Chola period, Krishnagiri region was called 'Nigarili Chola Mandlam' and 'Vidhugadhazhagi Nallur'. Under the Nulamba rule it was popular as 'Nulambadi' according to historical sources. Hero stones were erected for those whose lost their lives in pursuit of adventure. There was a tradition of erecting memorial stones for people who sacrifice their lives for the sake of their kings since Sangam age. These memorial stones were called 'Navagandam'. Plenty of memorial stones available in this district speak volumes about the valour and virtues of the people.

Krishnagiri district covers an area of 5143 km². Krishnagiri district is bound by Vellore and Thiruvannamalai districts to the East, State of Karnataka to the west, State of Andhra Pradesh to the North and Dharmapuri District to the south. This district is elevated from 300m to 1400m above the mean sea level. It is located between 11º 12'N to 12º 49'N Latitude, 77º 27'E to 78º 38'E Longitude.

    Revenue Divisions                                   3

    Taluks                                                    8

    Blocks                                                  13

    Corporation & Municipalities                   10

    Town Panchayats                                  24

    Revenue Villages                                 1137

    Panchayat Villages                               648

Karur District

Karur District Tamilnadu Map

Karur District

Karur District is located center along the Kaveri & Amaravathi rivers in Tamil Nadu India. The main town in Karur District is the city of Karur. It had a population of 935,686 as of 2001. It is 33.27% urbanized as per Census 2001. The district has a literacy of 81.74%.

As per the Vedas the Brahma created the human's first in this Karur known as Karuvur. Karur famous for its International Home-Textiles & Bus body buildings.

The Pasupatheesvarar Temple sung by Thirugnana Sambhandar, in Karur was built by the Chola kings in the 7th centuryKarur is one of the oldest towns in Tamil Nadu and has played a very significant role in the history and culture of the Tamils. Its history dates back over 2000 years, and has been a flourishing trading centre even in the early Sangam days. It was ruled by the Cheras, Gangas, Cholas, the Vijayanagara Nayaks, Mysore and the British successively. Epigraphical, numismatic, archaeological and literary evidence have proved beyond doubt that Karur was the capital of early Chera kings of Sangam age. And Kongunadu is only the Chera Kingdom that extended up to the western coast till Muziri in Kerala, South India when the empire was at its peak and which the Cheras made it as their main port city. The Chera Kings and Kongudesa Rajakkal were one and the same. In olden days it was called Karuvoor or Vanchi or Vanji during Sangam days. There has been a plethora of rare findings during the archaeological excavations undertaken in Karur. These include mat-designed pottery, bricks, mud-toys, Roman coins, Chera Coins, Pallava Coins, Roman Amphorae, Rasset coated ware, rare rings, etc.

Karur may have been the center for old jewellery-making and gem setting (with the gold imported mainly from Rome), as seen from various excavations. According to the Hindu mythology, Brahma began the work of creation here, which is referred to as the "place of the sacred cow."

Karur was built on the banks of River Amaravathi which was called Aanporunai during the Sangam days. The names of the early Chera kings who ruled from Karur, have been found in the rock inscriptions in Aru Nattar Malai close to Karur. The Tamil epic Silapathikaram mentions that the famous Chera King Senguttuvan ruled from Karur. In 150 AD Greek scholar Ptolemy mentioned Korevora (Karur) as a very famous inland trading center in Tamil Nadu. After the Sangam Cheras, Kongus (Gangas), a Chera related native clan ruled Karur. After them, their arch rivals Cholas conquered Karur and ruled it for next forty years. The Kongus (Gangas) again conquered Karur as vassals of Hoysalas. The Muslim looter Malik Kafur ended the Hoysalas and Vijayanagara empire absorbed Karur. Thereafter, Karur was a part of the Mysore state. The hanging of Tipu and defeat of Dheeran Chinnamalai broke up Kongu Nadu and Karur was absorbed into the Tiruchirapalli district by the British.

Karuvoor Thevar born in Karur, is one among the nine devotees who sung the divine Music Thiruvichaippa, which is the ninth Thirumurai. He is the single largest composer among the nine authors of Thiruvichaippa. He lived during the reign of the great Raja Raja Chola-I. In addition to the famous Siva Temple.,there is a Vishnu Temple at Thiruvithuvakkodu suburb of Karur, sung by famous Kulasekara Alwar, 7th century AD, who was the ruler of Kongu nadu. The same Temple is presumably mentioned in epic Silappadikaram as Adaha maadam Ranganathar whose blessings Cheran Senguttuvan sought before his north Indian expedition.[1]

Later the Nayakars followed by Tipu Sultan also ruled Karur. The British added Karur to their possessions after destroying the Karur Fort during their war against Tipu Sultan in 1783. There is a memorial at Rayanur near Karur for the warriors who lost their lives in the fight against the British in the Anglo-Mysore Wars. Thereafter Karur became part of British India and was first part of Coimbatore District and later Tiruchirappalli District.

Karur is also a part of Kongu Nadu. The history of Kongu nadu dates back to the 8th century. The name Kongunadu originated from the term "Kongu", meaning nectar or honey. Kongu came to be called as Kongu nadu with the growth of civilization. The ancient Kongunadu country was made up of various districts and taluks which are currently known as Palani, Dharapuram, Karur, Nammakkal, Thiruchengodu, Erode, Salem, Dharmapuri, Satyamangalam, Nilgiris, Avinashi, Coimbatore, Pollachi and Udumalpet.
Economy
Agriculture

Utilization of land area in Karur district is up to 44.59%. 4.76% of the land area remains as other uncultivated land. 2.74% is forest area in Karur district. Black soil is the predominant soil type in this district accounting for 35.51% followed by laterite soil for 23.85%. The remaining 20.31% is sandy, coastal and alluvium soil. The main crops are paddy, banana, sugarcane, battle leaf, grams & pulses, tapioca, kora grass, groundnuts, oilseeds, tropical vegetables, garland flowers, and medicinal herbs.
Home textiles

Karur is famous for its home textiles. Karur has a niche in five major product groups — bed linens, kitchen linens, toilet linens, table linens and wall hangings. Overall Karur generates around Rs.6000 crores in foreign exchange through direct and indirect exports.[citation needed] Allied industries like ginning and spinning mills, dyeing factories, weaving etc., employs around 300,000 people in and around Karur.

On the international textile map, Karur has become synonymous with hand-loom made-ups first as Tirupur in the hosiery product. The weaving industry came to Karur from Kerala and has earned a reputation for its high quality hand-loom products today. Hand-loom Exports from Karur began on a modest scale with just 15 exporters in 1975 and today Karur has 1000s of exporters and the products are supplied to world leading chain stores like WalMart, Target, IKEA, Ahlens etc.

The hand-loom products being exported have been broadly classified under three heads viz., kitchen, bathroom and bedroom furnishing items. Some of the hand-loom made-ups exported from Karur are Bedspreads,Sheet sets, Towels, Floor rugs, Tea towels, Napkins, Aprons, Kitchen towels, Pot holders, Plate mats, Bathmats, Tea mats, Curtains, Pillow, Quilt covers, Shower curtains.

TNPL is promoted by the Government of Tamil Nadu with loan assistance from the World Bank. Today TNPL is the largest producer of bagasse based paper in the world and the 2nd largest paper producer in Asia. TNPL produces 230,000 tons of Printing & writing paper and consumes 1 million tones of bagasse every year.

Karur is a renowned center for bus building industries. This is a unique feature of Karur and almost 90% of south Indian private bus bodies are being built here. The total business is estimated to be around Rs.750 crore per Annam.

Karur is also home to Chettinad Cements. It has an installed production capacity of 600,000 tons per annum, with another 1.1 million tons expansion in the pipeline.

EID Parry has a sugar factory in Pugalur, Karur. It has a capacity of 4000 TCD per year. It also has a 22 MW co-generation Power plant, with TNPL.
Banking

Karur is the home town of India's oldest private scheduled banks, The Karur Vysya Bank and The Lakshmi Vilas Bank.

HDPE filament and associated product manufacturing. Its mainly for the fruit fields of Himalayas. Above 50% of nylon net in India is made here only.

The Karur belt also produces some very good Cats eyes, Feldspar, Moonstones, Aquamarines, Sapphires, Jasper and beryl.

    Revenue Divisions                                  2

    Taluks                                                   4

    Blocks                                                  8

    Corporation & Municipalities                   4

    Town Panchayats                                 11 

    Revenue Villages                                 203

    Panchayat Villages                              158

Kanyakumari District

Kanyakumari District Tamilnadu Map

Kanyakumari District

Kanyakumari District (கன்னியாகுமரி மாவட்டம்) is a district of Tamil Nadu state, India; it is the southernmost land area of mainland India.

Kanyakumari District is the smallest of the 32 districts of Tamil Nadu state. The district takes its name from the tourist town of Kanyakumari, which is at the tip of the Indian Peninsula and faces the Indian Ocean. The administrative capital of the district is Nagercoil, which is 20 km from Kanyakumari town.The district has the best litrecy rate in the state and is considered the best educated district in the indian state of Tamil nadu by the HRD Ministry.It is the third most developed district in the state and is leading in most of the parametersThe District has large population of NRI's in the Gulf. It was ranked third in a comprehensive Economic Environment index ranking of districts in Tamil Nadu not including Chennai prepared by Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009.
   
Kanyakumari
Subdistrict:
        Kanyakumari, Marthandam, Thingalnagar, Karungal 1956,1 November

Language(s):      Tamil, Malayalam

Location: Tiruvalluvar statue in Kanyakumari, the southermost town in mainland India

Kanyakumari District is located at the southern tip of peninsular India and bordered by Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala state to the west and Tirunelveli District of Tamil Nadu to the north and east. It is also sometimes referred to as "Land's End".

The district lies between 77° 15' and 77° 36' of the eastern longitudes and 8° 03' and 8° 35' of the northern Latitudes. The south-eastern boundary is the Gulf of Mannar while on the South and the South West, the boundaries are the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea.

    Revenue Divisions                               2

    Taluks                                                4

    Blocks                                               9

    Corporation & Municipalities                4

    Town Panchayats                              56

    Revenue Villages                               81

    Panchayat Villages                            99

Kancheepuram District

Kanchipuram District Tamilnadu Map

Kancheepuram District

Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram is a district in the northeast of Tamil Nadu, adjacent to the Bay of Bengal. It is bounded in the west by Vellore and Thiruvannamalai districts, in the north by Thiruvallur District and Chennai District, in the south by Viluppuram District. It lies between 11° 00' to 12° 00' North latitudes and 77° 28' to 78° 50' East longitudes. The district has a total geographical area of 4,432 km² and coastline of 57 km. The town of Kanchipuram is the district headquarters.

The history of Kanchi can be traced back to several centuries before the advent of the Christian era. The place finds its name in Patanjali's Mahabhashya, written in the second century B.C. Manimekalai, the famous Tamil classic, and Perumpanattu Padai, a great Tamil poetical work, vividly describe Kanchipuram city, as it was at the beginning of the Christian era. Pathupattu, one of the sangam literatures, reads that the king Thondaiman Ilandirayan ruled this town around 2500 years ago.

Kancheepuram District had been administered by the Pallavas, Cholas, Vijayanagar rulers and the British before Independence. It was a part of Tondaimandalam, a division of the ancient Tamil country, roughly comprising the present day districts of Kancheepuram, Chennai, Tiruvallur, Vellore and Thiruvannamalai. The capital of Thondaimandalam was Kancheepuram city. From the 3rd to the 9th century A.D. Kanchi was the capital of the Pallavas who ruled over the territory extending from the river Krishna in the north to the river Kaveri in the south. The Pallavas fortified the city with ramparts, moats, etc., with wide and well laid out roads and fine temples. They were a great maritime power with contacts with far-off China, Siam, Fiji, etc., through their chief Port Mamallapuram (Mahabalipuram). The Cholas ruled this region from the 10th century to the 13th century. Kings of Vijayanagar dynasty ruled from 14th century to 17th century.

Subdistrict     Chengalpattu, Cheyyur, Kanchipuram,
Madurantakam, Sriperumpudur, Tambaram,
Thirukachukundram and Uthiramerur

Largest city     Kanchipuram 

    Revenue Divisions                         3

    Taluks                                          8

    Blocks                                         13

    Corporation & Municipalities         10

    Town Panchayats                        24

    Revenue Villages                       1137

    Panchayat Villages                     648

 
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